The Genesis of Man
Given that I’ve written much about the Old Testament, in general, and the Genesis story, in particular, people keep asking me to expound on the Creation Story. I generally eschew taking positions on such an issue because I prefer that people make up their own minds, rather than accept someone’s word for it (even my own).
My philosophy is that it’s not so much important what you believe in as that you keep an open mind to other viewpoints. That’s because I believe that Creation is supposed to be experienced, as opposed to understood. Besides as Albert Einstein said, “The human mind, no matter how highly trained, cannot grasp the universe.”
Keeping that in mind, let’s try and break it down:
Old Testament background
As far as we know, the Old Testament was first written down in the 6th century BC after the Israelites returned from exile in Babylon. Some books of the Old Testament were actually written even later. Prior to the 6th century BC, the stories were passed on as oral tradition. As with the New Testament, not all of the stories/scriptures made their way into the Old Testament. For example, one of the most important writings, The Book of Enoch, is not in the Old Testament though it was widely quoted, even in the Bible. The Book of Enoch was also the source of much of the material in the movie Noah.
The Old Testament is essentially a history of the Israelites/Hebrews. While Judaism is generally based on the Torah (the first five books of the Old Testament), traditional rabbinical Judaism also claims to have an oral law which was supposedly handed down from Moses and which can only be found in the Talmud. The Babylonian Talmud, as it is called because it was formulated while the Israelites were in captivity in Babylon, is the basis for all codes of Jewish law and is considered to be the core text of Judaism. As the late Rabbi Stephen Wise, formerly the Chief Rabbi of the United States said, “The return from Babylon and the introduction of the Babylonian Talmud mark the end of Hebrewism and the beginning of Judaism.”
The creation story
The first five books of the Old Testament, sometimes referred to as the Pentateuch, traditionally have been said to have been written by Moses. The first four verses of the Book of Genesis, however, took place some 2,400 years before Moses was born (according to the chronology given in the Old Testament).
The oldest known creation story is Eridu Genesis which predates the Old Testament by over 1,000 years. Eridu Genesis is a Sumerian text from a region of the Middle East (now modern-day Iraq) which is in the same vicinity as Babylon. Abraham, the patriarch of the Israelites, was originally from Ur, one of the city-states of Sumer. So all roads lead to Sumer, as follows:
- Abraham was a Sumerian. Later certain Sumerian tribes (Abraham’s descendants) would become known as Hebrews and after that some would be known as Israelites.
- The oldest creation story, Eridu Genesis, was written (in cuneiform) in Sumer on clay tablets.
- The Talmud and most of the Old Testament were written while the Israelites were in captivity in Babylon (located in what was once called Sumer).
If in fact the Israelites had an oral tradition about the Creation, that story had to have come from their ancestors and from their homeland and that meant it came from Sumer and from their patriarch Abraham, himself a Sumerian. In addition, the Sumerian creation story was available (in Babylon on clay tablets) to Israelite scribes during the writing of the Old Testament. In any event, the Creation story is essentially of Sumerian origin and was grafted on top of the Israelites’ ancient Mosaic belief system.
The god(s) of Genesis
The Old Testament is replete with stories that the Hebrews/Israelites were polytheistic (e.g. see Psalm 82:1). Their belief in God should be characterized as monolatry (the worship of one among many gods), rather than monotheism. Only much later when traditional rabbinical Judaism became the official religion of the Israelites, did they suddenly switch to a belief in the one and only god (monotheism) – for a fuller explanation see my postThe Old Testament – Fact or Fiction? which is two posts back.
So if ancient Hebrews were polytheistic, then the Genesis story should reflect exactly that – and, by the way, it does. For example, in Genesis 1:26 it says, “And God said, ‘Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness’….” Obviously, there was more than one god and they all looked like each other (i.e. their image and their likeness were the same). In addition in Genesis 3:22, it says, “And the Lord God said, ‘The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil.’” It’s interesting that here in Genesis it says that man can become like “one of us”, a god.
Aside: There’s also a New Testament saying attributed to Jesus that is even more explicit.
However, how can man become a god, unless the gods are not really the Prime Creator? In the Genesis account of creation, God (translated from the Hebrew word “elohim” ) was said to have created man. Of course, elohim is a plural term which is consistent with the Genesis verses above. Obviously, there is a lot more to the Creation story than what’s in the Bible.
Yes, man was necessary to till the garden, or so the Bible says. In South Africa, the Zulu legends say that they were created specifically to work as slaves in gold mines, some 200,000 years ago. Interestingly enough, archaeology has uncovered ancient gold mines in South Africa that date back at least 100,000 years. Slavery, by the way, has always been a part of the human existence. The practice of slavery was even approved of in the Ten Commandments and the practice was blessed by the gods (according to certain Bible stories).
The Sumerian records are voluminous and very detailed. The Sumerian gods were a race of extraterrestrials (related to the Nephilim of the Bible) who came here from another star system primarily looking for gold and, interestingly enough, the Bible talks about the gods’ fascination with gold. The Sumerian gods genetically engineered modern man via in vitro fertilization, using in part their own DNA. Pictures of the Sumerian gods on clay tablets indicate that they look like modern man, only much bigger (again, there are references to giants in the Bible and the one-time existence of giants has been confirmed by archaeology).
The origins of man
The black race has almost no Rh negative blood and did not mate at all with Neanderthals, whereas other races did mate with Neanderthals and have much more Rh negative blood (e.g. approximately 20-30% of Basque people have Rh negative blood). This indicates that they resulted from a different genetic experiment, a different Adam and Eve if you will. Of course, the different races had their own Adam and Eve as well. The exact number of Adam and Eves is unknown but there had to have been at least two because of the differences between Rh positive and Rh negative blood.
Aside: Rh positive blood has a genetic link to the primate family, but Rh negative blood does not. All of which makes Rh negative blood the blood of the gods.
In addition, there has been interbreeding between the different human races over time so a complete genetic family tree may never be possible. Recent discoveries, however, indicate that:
- One of the origins of man can be traced back 400,000 years to Australia through Australian Aboriginal mitochondrial DNA. This study was done by Alan Wilson and Rebecca Cann who originally gained notoriety for their famous theory of Mitochondrial Eve.
- A new DNA study from the Harvard Medical School, in collaboration with the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, found that ancient man interbred with a still unknown species (which is connected to the story in Genesis 6:4).
Back to Genesis
As for the Genesis story, the creation of the heavens and earth (in Genesis, verse 1) is just that, a story. The account of the creation of man has a basis in fact, although modern man was not created by God, the Prime Creator, but rather by an extraterrestrial race. That story is spelled out quite clearly in the Sumerian records and was the basis for Genesis, verse 2. The rest of the Old Testament is basically a retelling of the family history of the Hebrews/Israelites in order to try and establish a link back to the gods and the genetic experiment that produced them. Even the royal families of Europe today maintain their royal bloodline from the gods in order to give them what they consider to be a “divine right to rule”. The masses, however, are not supposed to know about their genetic heritage. They have been cut off from the Tree of Knowledge and don’t realize that they, like Adam and Eve, are naked. The gods of Eden believed in slavery. That’s why they created us, and slaves we are, even today.
“In the beginning, all there was was God. That’s God, with a big G. He created the Big Bang and all that came before it. Billions of years later, along comes god, spelled with a little g. Now the gods needed workers to help make their lives more comfortable, or as Genesis says – man was needed to till the garden. So they took the DNA from existing life forms on this planet and upgraded it with their own DNA (since they were a physical species themselves). In other words, we really were created in the image and likeness of god”.
– The Ethical Warrior, Genesis Revisited